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Transcription of this question: 4.The significance of changes in international labour mobilityThough the global population may grow from 7 billion in 2011 to 7.6 billion by 2020, many countrieswill experience a decline in the number of working-age people. Already in Japan and Europe, eachyear more people retire from the workforce than young people enter it. By 2020, this problem willalso affect Russia, Canada and China. Other countries such as India, Brazil and Indonesia haveyoung populations and young workforces.Unfortunately, many people lack the skills that employers need. A recent study found that 31 % ofemployers worldwide struggle to fill jobs requiring basic skills. 65% of multinational companieshave difficulty recruiting new employees with advanced skills. In emerging economies the problemis worse. Difficulties in meeting operational objectives of recruitment prevent many companiesfrom meeting their strategic objectives.Companies are responding by recruiting new employees from other countries. This practice iscalled “expanded recruitment”. It has led to more international labour mobility, diverse workforceswithin companies, and diversity in global cities.Supporters of expanded recruitment argue that the labour problem is demographic: the bestsolution is to make labour mobility easier. Furthermore, diversity both within companies and insociety should improve international understanding and will increase creativity. Critics of expandedrecruitment argue that it does not solve the real problem: many jobs require advanced skills, andmost educational systems have not responded to those needs. Expanded recruitment has alsocreated other issues for companies, such as problems in communication.Expanded recruitment has also led to some anger in countries and local communities notaccustomed to large immigrant populations.(a)(b)(c)(d)Identify one opportunity and one constraint for companies caused by demographicchange.Comment on one potential communication problem for a company with a diverseinternational workforce.Explain the statement “difficulties in meeting operational objectives of recruitmentprevent many companies from meeting their strategic objectives”Analyse one strategy that a global company could adopt for developing future humanresources (you may refer to a global company that you have studied).Discuss the significance of changes in international labour mobility.[2][2][5]

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