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Transcription of this question: 5.Volunteering (le bénévolat, voluntariado)Volunteering is the practice ofworking without payment. In many countries, volunteering is becomingmore common. Many volunteers work in non-profit and non-governmental organizations (NGOs),such as charities and pressure groups. They may want to support a particular cause, for examplehuman rights, international aid, or emergency rescue operations after a natural disaster. Somevolunteers work in profit-based organizations, for example in the arts: theatres, cinemas and museumshave always employed volunteers. Volunteering in schools is also frequent, such as with parentsor community members giving some Of their time to help the school fulfill its educational mission.The CAS requirement Of the 1B Diploma can be seen as a form Of volunteering, as a service mayinclude community and social service activities without payment in return.People who wish to work as volunteers come from all backgrounds: young people who need practicalexperience to strengthen their CV (résumé); unemployed people who use it to keep motivated andactive whilst looking for a job; part-time employees who want to help the community; even retiredpeople who use it as an opportunity to socialize. Some volunteers do it for just a few hours a week,while for others it becomes a full-time activity.”Employing volunteers requires workforce planning” explains Sylvia Warnecke from theInternational Union Of Volunteers. “Most organizations take the professional development Of theirvolunteers seriously, for example by offering training to learn new skills. They do not pay salaries,but they can Offer a range of non-financial rewards. For organizations, training volunteers is a form(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)Define the term pressure group.Explain the meaning Of Sylvia’s statement that “for organizations, trainingvolunteers is a form Of investment”.Distinguish between two forms Of non-financial rewards that may be used byorganizations to motivate volunteers.Apply Maslow’s hierarchy Of needs to the situation Of an unemployed personwho volunteers at a local non-profit organization.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages Of employing volunteers inprofit-based organizations.[2 marks][2 marks][4 marks][5 marks][7 marks]

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