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Transcription of this question: 5.Four-day working week in UtahIn 2008, in an effort to reduce costs, the government Of the state Of Utah in the United States (US)considered adopting several contemporary workforce practices. Some Of these, however, seemedimpractical for offices in the public sector. After further investigation, the government realized thatenergy costs were among the fastest rising Of its costs. As a result, in 2009 the government imposeda four-day working week for most state employees; most public sector offices are now closedon Fridays. Monday to Thursday, offices are open for 10 hours.A social and environmental audit revealed the following advantages as a result Of the shorterworking week:• There is a 13 % reduction in energy use in public sector buildings; Utah’s greenhouse gas emissionsare reduced.• With three-day weekends, employees have reported improved quality of life.• Commuting costs for employees are reduced; there is less tramc congestion.• Longer working days by state employees mean that their offices are more accessible to the publicin the evening (Monday to Thursday).However, the audit also revealed the following disadvantages:• The working day is longer (10 hours versus 8 hours per day). As a consequence, some employeeswith young children have found it difficult to organize child care.• The Friday closures have inconvenienced some members Of the public.After 12 months, Utah’s experience with the four-day working week is considered a success. 82% Ofstate employees prefer the new schedule. In experiments with the four-day working week in OtherAmerican states, approval rates have not been as high as in Utah. Some experts claim that the highapproval rate Of the new working week is because employees like change to their routine, rather thanactually preferring the new working week itselfPublic sector and private sector managers from around the world have contacted Utah officials tolearn more about their new working week. Some managers in the private sector question whether thefour-day working week would be appropriate for their companies.(a)(b)(c)(d)[Source: adapted from http:/,junv.v time_conV, 7 September 2009]Identify two examples Of contemporary changes in work patterns and practicesother than the adoption Of the four-day working week.(i) Explain one impact that the four-day working week in the public sectormay have on the private sector in Utah.(ii) Distinguish between the public sector and the private sector.Analyse the value Of the social and environmental audit to two differentstakeholders of the government of the state of Utah.Discuss two possible areas Of conflict between two stakeholders when thegovernment Of the state Of Utah imposed a four-day working week for moststate employees.[2 marks][2 marks][4 marks][5 marks][7 marks/

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